ParliPro is Based on the Rank of Motions
Main, Subsidiary & Privileged Motions
Consideration of a bill begins with the Main Motion -- the motion to adopt the bill.
Once the main motion is pending, another motion is in order if it outranks other pending motions.
If, for example, a motion to amend is pending, a motion to refer to committee is in order because it outranks the motion to amend. In the same situation, a motion to postpone indefinitely is out of order because it ranks lower than the motion to amend.
Extending the above example, presume the motion to refer to committee is pending. If the motion to refer is defeated, consideration of the motion to amend resumes automatically.
It logically follows that a motion equal in rank to a pending motion is out of order because a motion must outrank other pending motions to be in order. If a motion to refer to committee is pending, another motion to refer to committee would be out of order. But the pending motion to refer to committee can be amended to change the committee.
A delegate must be recognized by the presiding officer to make one of these motions, and each of them requires a second.
A delegate seeks recognition by standing at his/her desk.
Upon recognition by the speaker, he/she begins by addressing the chair and then the body.
"Mister/Madam Speaker and members of the Senate/House ..."
All remarks are addressed to the presiding officer.
A delegate should not refer to another delegate personally. Instead, he/she should refer to the "Senator from Belmont" or the "Representative from Tusculum".
A motion always begins with the words "I move ..."
A delegate concludes his/her remarks with a motion or by thanking the presiding officer.
"Thank you, Mister/Madam Speaker."
Incidental motions concern business that needs to be brought before the house immediately.
Incidental motions must pertain to the pending business. They have no rank among themselves and outrank all other motions. Only one incidental motion may be pending at a time.
Point of Order If a delegate believes the rules of order are being breached, he/she makes a Point of Order, asking the Speaker to rule on the issue. If the Speaker fails to see an infraction, he/she may ask the delegate to explain the complaint.
This motion does not require a second or a vote. Point of Order is the only motion that doesn’t require recognition from the Speaker and may interrupt another speaker.
Appeal the Ruling of the Chair After the Speaker rules on an issue such as a Point of Order, the house may vote to on whether to sustain or overrule the Speaker's decision.
For example, if the Speaker rules that a motion is out of order, a delegate may want the house to override the speaker. If the appeal is seconded, the house decides whether to uphold or overrule the Speaker's decision.
An appeal is subject to the general rules of debate, and the Speaker may explain his/her decision. The speaker does not have to relinquish the chair during the discussion. A simple majority decides the question.
Suspend the Rules When a house desires to consider a matter or do something that isn't specified in the Rules of Order, it may suspend the rules.
A motion to suspend the rules requires a second, is debatable, and requires a two-thirds majority for passage.
A motion to suspend the rules must include the purpose for suspending the rules. Once that purpose has been accomplished, the rules are automatically back in effect. No motion or action is necessary to re-instate the rules.
When the rules are suspended, only actions that are in pursuit of the stated purpose may be taken.
Division of the House Immediately after a voice vote, any three members in the Senate or in a standing committee or any five members in the House of Representatives or in a Joint Session may request a roll call vote.
Those requesting a roll call should raise a hand immediately after the presiding officer announces the results of the voice vote.
Upon introduction, every bill is referred to a standing committee by the Secretary of State.
Every legislator is a member of a standing committee. Delegates sign up for committees when they register online. Standing Committees
The Governor appoints a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Secretary for each committee.
Committees meet regularly during the General Assembly to consider bills assigned to them.
Committees report each bill to the floor with a recommendation for passage or defeat.
A committee may postpone consideration of a bill for additional study, but it may postpone a given bill only once. Exceptions: